Ever found yourself tangled in the labyrinth of photography terms, especially when it comes to camera sensors? You’re not alone. Today, I’ll be your guide, breaking down the differences between two popular sensor sizes: full frame and micro four thirds.

Sensor Size

Understanding the sensor size can enhance your knack for picking the right camera. Full frame sensors, measuring at 36x24mm, reign larger compared to Micro Four Thirds (MFT) sensors that measure up at 17.3x13mm.

Let’s talk diagonals, where size plays a crucial role too. Clocking in at 43.2mm, the full frame sensors show quite the lead over MFT sensors, which sit pretty at 21.6mm. This measurement is approximately half of its full-frame competitors.

Image Quality

Expanding on sensor size, let’s talk image quality. Unsurprisingly, full frame sensors often provide better results, particularly in low light. Their larger size requires higher ISOs, which typically deliver better quality images even in less than ideal lighting conditions. They’re known for supreme dynamic range, capturing an abundance of detail within the highlights and shadows alike.

That’s not to say modern MFT cameras disappoint. Far from it, these little powerhouses bring brilliant image quality to the table, adequate for most photographers. With constant developments in technology, MFT cameras are continually improving, maintaining a fierce competition with full frame counterparts.

  1. Full Frame Sensors: Handle high ISOs better, allowing for superior image quality in low light scenarios. Offer greater dynamic range, meaning a richer collection of details in both highlights and shadows.
  2. MFT Cameras: Pack a punch with excellent image quality, often proving sufficient for most photographers. They’re a testament to technological advancement, demonstrating that size doesn’t always dictate superiority.

Lens Selection

Multiple manufacturers churn out myriad lenses, showcasing a testament to the flexibility that both these systems offer to photographers.

Remember how we talked about full frame sensors excelling in high ISO settings? It’s also reflected in their lens options. Without a doubt, there are more full frame lenses options available.

MFT lenses, however, give their full frame counterparts a run for their money with their distinct advantage – their size. They’re smaller, more compact, making them ideal for photographers on the go. Lighter gear means less fatigue, which can drastically improve the overall shooting experience.

The lens selection between full frame and MFT systems directly reflects their earlier discussed attributes – full-frame for comprehensive performance, and MFT for compactness and convenience. Let’s remember, every lens carries its own persona, offering unique opportunities for creativity and ingenuity within each shot.

Camera Size and Weight

Full frame cameras, as you might have guessed, are typically larger and heavier than their Micro Four Thirds counterparts. As an example, consider two cameras from leading manufacturers – a Canon full-frame camera like the 5D Mark IV and an Olympus MFT camera such as the OM-D E-M1 Mark III. The Canon camera weighs in at a hefty 800 grams, whereas the Olympus alternative tips the scales at a mere 504 grams, almost half the weight. Now, let’s examine lens weight. The Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM full frame lens weighs around 805 grams. On the other hand, the weight of the Olympus M.Zuiko Digital ED 12-40mm f/2.8 PRO MFT lens is estimated at a mere 382 grams. Add the body and lense weight together and a full-frame set up is going to be significantly heavier.

Depth of Field

When it comes to depth of field, full frame cameras and MFTs exhibit distinct behaviours. For instance, full frame cameras achieve a shallower depth of field at the same aperture, which acts as an asset for portrait photography. This shallowness tends to blur backgrounds and intensify the subject’s focus, contributing to aesthetically pleasing portraits.

The larger depth of field on MFTs, conversely, possesses its unique advantages. Particularly beneficial for landscape and wildlife photography, MFTs’ ample depth of field ensures photos possess fine details. From a close-range wildflower to a distant mountain range, MFTs capture every component distinctly, resulting in visually rich images.

Let’s delve deeper into these differences:

  1. Full Frame:
  • Shallow depth of field
  • Ideal for portraits, evoking depth and dimension
  1. MFT:
  • Larger depth of field
  • Excellent for landscape and wildlife photography, focusing on capturing fine details

Choosing between full frame and MFT largely depends on your photographic preferences and needs. Hence, determine your photography goal before picking your tool.

Remember, neither camera type is inherently superior. Each shines in different scenarios and offers certain benefits over the other.


No doubt about it full frame cameras and lenses typically carry a steeper price tag. These systems, though providing excellent results in varied settings, prove expensive to many amateur and even professional photographers. Manufacturers offer full frame DSLR cameras like Nikon D850 for significantly higher prices when compared with Micro Four Thirds (MFT) cameras. The price difference isn’t only limited to cameras but extends to lenses as well. The Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS III USM Lens for full-frame cameras can easily cost double compared to Panasonic Lumix G X Vario 35-100mm f/2.8 II ASPH for MFT cameras.

In contrast, MFT systems serve as an economic onramp to high-quality photography. Cameras like Olympus OM-D E-M1X offer top-tier image results without the heavy burden on your pocketbook. The compact size and lower manufacturing costs make MFT an affordable choice for beginners and professionals alike. With such considerations, it’s clear that cost can significantly influence the decision between full frame and MFT systems.

Use Cases

Let’s probe the use cases where both Full Frame (FF) and Micro Four Thirds (MFT) cameras shine.

Primarily, FF cameras serve a gem for professional photographers. They’re cherished for granting unbeatable image quality, substantially in low light conditions. Astonishingly, their dynamic range outperforms the majority. Case in point, the Nikon D850 and Canon 5D Mark IV lash out startling visuals even in extensively dim settings. Hence, a prime pick for those capturing indoor events or night skies.

In contrast, MFT cameras make a compelling choice for hobbyists, vloggers, and travelers. Why, you ask? Given their compact stature, they’re remarkably light, and handling them feels like a breeze. The Olympus OM-D E-M1X and Panasonic Lumix G X Vario, they’re the epitomes of MFT’s featherweight nature. This leads to them being an ideal match for those vlogging on-the-move or trekking through rugged paths. They don’t compromise on quality either, they whip out commendable images that can even give a tough fight to some FF cameras.

Ah, it’s the beauty of diversity that offers different strokes for different folks! Stay tuned for more.


So there you have it. Full frame and MFT cameras each have their unique perks. If you’re a pro seeking superior low light performance or a more dynamic range, full frame is your go-to. Think Nikon D850 or Canon 5D Mark IV. But if portability and cost matter more to you, MFT cameras like the Olympus OM-D E-M1X or Panasonic Lumix G X Vario could be your best bet. Whether you’re capturing stunning portraits or expansive landscapes, there’s a camera system out there to meet your needs. Remember, it’s not about which is better overall – it’s about what’s better for you. So consider your individual needs and budget before making the leap. Happy shooting!